Dr.R R Gupta

Know About Chronic Skin Diseases:

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition resulting in hair loss.

Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system, which is designed to protect the body from foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria, mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, the structures from which hairs grow.

Dermatitis, Atopic (Eczema)

Atopic eczema is an inflammation of the skin, which tends to flare-up from time to time.

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a disorder is associated with dry skin, which begins with intense itching that is aggravated by scratching. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, and there is no known cure.The severity can range from mild to severe. There is no cure, but treatment can usually control or ease symptoms.


Psoriasis is a common skin problem. It causes a thick, rough, dry buildup of your outer layer of skin.

Psoriasis is a chronic disease, which means you will likely have it all your life. The extent and severity of the disease vary widely. Early treatment of the plaques may help stop the problem from becoming more severe. People of all ages can have psoriasis. It is not contagious.


Rosacea is a very common skin disease that affects people over the age of 30.

It causes redness on your nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead. Some people get little bumps and pimples on the red parts of their faces. Rosacea can also cause burning and soreness in your eyes.In some cases, rosacea may also occur on the neck, chest, scalp or ears.

Stretch Marks

Stretch marks are small, depressed streaks in the skin that appear most often on the abdomen in the later stages of pregnancy.

Stretch marks are caused by changes in the elastic supportive tissue that lies just beneath the skin. They start out pink, reddish brown, purple, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. They later fade, although they never totally disappear.


Ringworm is a fungal skin infection. (It is not due to a worm as its name implies!)

There are many types of fungal germs (fungi) and some can infect the skin, nails, and hair. This leaflet just deals with ringworm of the skin (sometimes called tinea corporis). Other leaflets deal with fungal infections of the scalp (scalp ringworm), foot (athlete's foot), groin (tinea cruris), and nails.

Fungal infection

Fungal skin infections are caused by certain types of fungus.

Fungal skin infections usually affect your skin because they live off keratin, a protein that makes up your skin, hair and nails. Most fungal skin infections can be treated effectively.